Land Use Code

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Article I - General Provisions

  • Section 16-1.1  Short Title
  • Section 16-1.2  Authority
  • Section 16-1.3  Jurisdiction
  • Section 16-1.4  Effective Date
  • Section 16-1.5  Relationship to Existing Land Use Code
  • Section 16-1.6  Relationship to Land Use Plan
  • Section 16-1.7  No Use of Land or Buildings Except in Conformity With Chapter Provisions
  • Section 16-1.8  Boundary Line Adjustments   
  • Section 16-1.9  Fees

Article II - Basic Definitions and Interpretations

  • Section 16-2.1  Word Interpretation.
  • Section 16-2.2  General Definitions
  • Section 16-2.3  Adult Establishments
  • Section 16-2.4  Flood Plain Definitions
  • Section 16-2.5  Watershed Definitions

Article III - Administrative Mechanisms

  • Section 16-3.1  Planning Board
  • Section 16-3.2  Board of Adjustment
  • Section 16-3.3  Land Use Administrator
  • Section 16-3.4  Board of Commissioners
  • Section 16-3.5  Conflicts of Interest 

Article IV - Permits and Final Plat Approval

  • Section 16-4.1  Zoning and Conditional Use Permits
  • Section 16-4.2  No Occupancy, Use or Sale of Lots Until Requirements Fulfilled
  • Section 16-4.3  Who May Submit Applications.
  • Section 16-4.4  Applications To Be Complete.
  • Section 16-4.5  Staff Consultation Before Formal Application
  • Section 16-4.6  Staff Consultation After Application Submitted
  • Section 16-4.7  Zoning Permits.
  • Section 16-4.8  Performance Bond to Ensure Compliance With Zoning Permit
  • Section 16-4.9  Special Use Permits and Conditional Use Permits
  • Section 16-4.10  Board of Commissioners Action on Conditional Use Permits.
  • Section 16-4.11  Conditions to Approval of the Conditional Use Permit
  • Section 16-4.12  Authorizing Use, Occupancy, or Sale Before Completion of Development Under Conditional Use Permits
  • Section 16-4.13  Completing Developments in Phases
  • Section 16-4.14  Expiration of Permits
  • Section 16-4.15  Effect of Permit on Successors and Assigns.
  • Section 16-4.16  Notice of Permit to be Recorded.
  • Section 16-4.17  Amendments to and Medications of Permits.
  • Section 16-4.18  Reconsideration of Board Action
  • Section 16-4.19  Applications to be Processed Expeditiously.
  • Section 16-4.20 Maintenance of Common Areas, Improvements, and Facilities
  • Section 16-4.21 Major and Minor Subdivisions

Article V - Appeals, Variances, Interpretations

  • Section 16-5.1  Appeals
  • Section 16-5.2  Variances
  • Section 16-5.3  Interpretations.
  • Section 16-5.4  Requests to be Heard Expeditiously
  • Section 16-5.5  Burden of Proof

Article VI - Hearing Procedures for Appeals and Applications

  • Section 16-6.1  Applications or Appeal Decision
  • Section 16-6.2  Notice of Hearing
  • Section 16-6.3  Modification of Application on Hearing
  • Section 16-6.4  Record.
  • Section 16-6.5  Written Decision

Article VII - Enforcement and Review

  • Section 16-7.1  Complaints Regarding Violations
  • Section 16-7.2  Persons Liable
  • Section 16-7.3  Procedures Upon Discovery of Violations
  • Section 16-7.4  Penalties and Remedies for Violations
  • Section 16-7.5  Permit Revocation
  • Section 16-7.6  Judicial Review.
  • Section 16-7.7  Schedule of Civil Penalties

Article VIII - Nonconforming Situations

  • Section 16-8.1  Continuation of Nonconforming Situations and Completion of Nonconfroming Projects
  • Section 16-8.2  Nonconforming Lots
  • Section 16-8.3  Extension or Enlargement of Nonconforming Situations
  • Section 16-8.4  Repair, Maintenance and Reconstruction
  • Section 16-8.5  Change in Use of Property Where a Nonconforming Situation Exists
  • Section 16-8.6  Abandonment and Discontinuance of Nonconforming Situations
  • Section 16-8.7  Completion of Nonconforming Projects
  • Section 16-8.8  Nonconforming Signs

Article IX - Zoning Districts and Zoning Map

  • Section 16-9.1  Residential Districts Established
  • Section 16-9.2  Nonresidential Districts Established.
  • Section 16-9.3  Overlay Districts.
  • Section 16-9.4  Official Map
  • Section 16-9.5  Amendments to Official Zoning Map

Article X - Permissible Uses

  • Section 16-10.1  Table of Permissible Uses
  • Section 16-10.2  Use of the Designation Z and C in Table of Permissible Uses
  • Section 16-10.3  Board of Adjustment Jurisdiction Over Uses Otherwise Permissible with a Zoning Permit
  • Section 16-10.4  Board of Adjustment Jurisdiction Over Uses Otherwise Permissible with CUP
  • Section 16-10.5  Permissible Uses and Specific Exclusions
  • Section 16-10.6  Accessory Uses.
  • Section 16-10.7  Permissible Uses Not Requiring Permits
  • Section 16-10.8  Change in Use
  • Section 16-10.9  Manufacturing/Processing, Etc. Uses
  • Section 16-10.10  Combination Uses
  • Section 16-10.11  More Specific Use Controls
  • Table of Permissible Uses

Article XI - Supplementary Land Use Regulations

  • Section 16-11.1  Bed and Breakfast
  • Section 16-11.2  Perimeter Fences and Walls

Article XII - Density and Dimensional Regulations

  • Section 16-12.1  Minimum Lot Size
  • Section 16-12.2  Residential Density
  • Section 16-12.3  Minimum Lot Widths
  • Section 16-12.4  Building Setback Requirements
  • Section 16-12.5  Setback Requirements from Historic Trails
  • Section 16-12.6 Central Business and Town Center District Setbacks, Building Heights, Open Space, and Green Space Requirements
  • Section 16-12.7  Density on Lots Where Portion Dedicated to Town.
  • Section 16-12.8  Flexibility in Applying the Standards Contained in this Article 

Article XIII - Open Space

  • Section 16-13.1  Usable Open Space
  • Section 16-13.2  Ownership and Maintenance of Required Open Space
  • Section 16-13.3  Dedication of Open Space
  • Section 16-13.4  Homeowners Associations

Article XIV - Streets and Sidewalks

  • Section 16-14.1  Street Classification
  • Section 16-14.2  Access to Public Streets in General
  • Section 16-14.3  Access to Arterial Streets
  • Section 16-14.4  Entrances to Streets
  • Section 16-14.5  Coordination with Surrounding Streets
  • Section 16-14.6  Relationship of Streets Topography.
  • Section 16-14.7  Street Width, Sidewalk, and Drainage Requirements in Subdivisions
  • Section 16-14.8  General Layout of Streets
  • Section 16-14.9  Street Intersections
  • Section 16-14.10  Construction Standards and Specifications
  • Section 16-14.11  Private Roads in Subdivisions and Access to Subdivisions by Private Roads.
  • Section 16-14.12  Road and Sidewalk Requirements in Unsubdivided Developments
  • Section 16-14.13  Attention to Handicapped in Street and Sidewalk Construction
  • Section 16-14.14  Street Names and House Numbers.
  • Section 16-14.15  Bridges.
  • Section 16-14.16  Utilities.
  • Section 16-14.17  Sidewalk Requirements

Article XV - Utilities

  • Section 16-15.1  Utility Ownership and Easement Rights
  • Section 16-15.2  Lots Served by Public Water or Sewer Lines.
  • Section 16-15.3  Sewage Disposal Facilities Required
  • Section 16-15.4  Determining Compliance with Section 16-15.3
  • Section 16-15.5  Water Supply System Required
  • Section 16-15.6  Determining Compliance with Section 16-15.5
  • Section 16-15.7  Lighting Requirements.
  • Section 16-15.8  Excessive Illumination.
  • Section 16-15.9  Electric Power
  • Section 16-15.10  Telephone Service
  • Section 16-15.11  Underground Utilities.
  • Section 16-15.12  Utilities to be Consistent with Internal and External Development
  • Section 16-15.13  As-Built Drawings Required
  • Section 16-15.14  Fire Hydrants.
  • Section 16-15.15  Sites for and Screening of Dumpsters

Article XVI - Flood Damage Prevention; Storm Water Management; Watershed Protection

  • Section 16-16.1  Findings of Fact
  • Section 16-16.2  Statement of Purpose
  • Section 16-16.3  Objectives.
  • Section 16-16.4  Land to Which This Ordinance Applies.
  • Section 16-16.5  Basis for Establishing the Areas of Special Flood Hazard.
  • Section 16-16.6  Establishment of Development Permit
  • Section 16-16.7  Compliance
  • Section 16-16.8  Abrogation and Greater Restrictions
  • Section 16-16.9  Interpretation
  • Section 16-16.10  Penalties for Violation
  • Section 16-16.11  Designation of Local Administrator
  • Section 16-16.12  Development Permit and Certification Requirements
  • Section 16-16.13  Elevation Certificate
  • Section 16-16.14  Floodproofing Certificate
  • Section 16-16.15  Certificate Exemptions
  • Section 16-16.16  Duties and Responsibilities of the Local Administrator
  • Section 16-16.17  Corrective Procedures
  • Section 16-16.18  Variance Procedures
  • Section 16-16.19  General Standards for Flood Hazard Reduction
  • Section 16-16.20  Specific Standards for Flood Hazard Reduction
  • Section 16-16.21  Additions/Improvements (Pre-Firm Structures)
  • Section 16-16.22  Additions/Improvements (Post-Firm Structures)
  • Section 16-16.23  Recreational Vehicles
  • Section 16-16.24  Temporary Non-Residential Structures
  • Section 16-16.25  Accessory Structures.
  • Section 16-16.26  Standards for Floodplains Without Established Base Flood Elevation
  • Section 16-16.27  Standards for Reverine Floodplains with Base Flood Elevations
    but Without Established Floodways or Non-encroachment Areas
  • Section 16-16.28  Floodways and Non-encroachment Areas
  • Section 16-16.29  Drainage, Erosion Control, Storm Water Management
  • Section 16-16.30  Development Must Drain Properly
  • Section 16-16.31  Storm Water Management
  • Section 16-16.32  Sedimentation and Erosion Control.
  • Section 16-16.33  Purpose of the Watershed Protection Ordinance
  • Section 16-16.34  Duties of the Watershed Administrator
  • Section 16-16.35  Appeal from the Watershed Administrator
  • Section 16-16.36  Establishment of Watershed Review Board; Powers and Duties
  • Section 16-16.37  Establishment of Watershed Areas
  • Section 16-16.38  Watershed Areas Described
  • Section 16-16.39  Cluster Development
  • Section 16-16.40  Buffer Areas Required
  • Section 16-16.41  Rules Governing the Interpretation of Watershed Area Boundaries
  • Section 16-16.42  Existing Development
  • Section 16-16.43  Watershed Protection Permit
  • Section 16-16.44  Watershed Occupancy Permit
  • Section 16-16.45  Public Health, in General
  • Section 16-16.46  Abatement.
  • Section 16-16.47  Watershed Boundary Map
  • Section 16-16.48  Amendments

Article XVII - Signs

  • Section 16-17.1  Purpose
  • Section 16-17.2  Applicability
  • Section 16-17.3  Restrictions and Prohibitions
  • Section 16-17.4  General Sign Regulations
  • Section 16-17.5  Signs Excluded From Regulations
  • Section 16-17.6  Approval Requirements
  • Section 16-17.7  Master Sign Plan
  • Section 16-17.8  Signs Permitted in All Zoning Districts
  • Section 16-17.9  Computation of Sign Area
  • Section 16-17.10  Computation of Height
  • Section 16-17.11  Signs Permitted in Residential Districts
  • Section 16-17.12  Signs Permitted in Non-Residential Zoning Districts
  • Section 16-17.13  Church, School, Hospital, or Public Facility Signs.
  • Section 16-17.14  Unlawful Cutting of Trees or Shrubs
  • Section 16-17.15  Flexibility in Administering the Provisions of this Article
  • Section 16-17.16  Nonconforming Signs
  • Section 16-17.17  Amortization of Nonconforming Signs
  • Section 16-17.18  Enforcement and Remedies.

Article XVIII - Telecommunication Towers

  • Section 16-18.1  Authority
  • Section 16-18.2  Purpose
  • Section 16-18.3  Goals
  • Section 16-18.4  Applicability.
  • Section 16-18.5  Permit Required
  • Section 16-18.6  Issuance of Permit/Expiration
  • Section 16-18.7  Tower Approval Standards
  • Section 16-18.8  Denial of Permit
  • Section 16-18.9  Continued Compliance Required.
  • Section 16-18.10  Removal of Abandoned Towers
  • Section 16-18.11  Standards for Commercial Wireless Telecommunications Antennas 

Article XIX – Adult Business Establishments

  • Section 16-19.1  Purpose
  • Section 16-19.2  Findings
  • Section 16-19.3  Classification of Adult Business Establishments.
  • Section 16-19.4  Licenses Required
  • Section 16-19.5  License Fees and Terms.
  • Section 16-19.6  Application Procedures for Adult Business Establishment License
  • Section 16-19.7  Fees
  • Section 16-19.8  License Posting and Display
  • Section 16-19.9  Inspection.
  • Section 16-19.10  License Denial, Suspension, or Revocation; Appeal
  • Section 16-19.11  Transfer of License
  • Section 16-19.12  Location of Adult Business Establishments
  • Section 16-19.13  Additional Regulations for Adult Motels
  • Section 16-19.14  Additional Regulations Pertaining to Exhibition of Sexually Explicit Films, Videos, or Live Entertainment
  • Section 16-19.15  Additional Regulations for Escort Agencies
  • Section 16-19.16  Additional Regulations for Nude Model Studios
  • Section 16-19.17  Prohibited Acts and Conduct
  • Section 16-19.18  Exterior Portions of Adult Business Establishments
  • Section 16-19.19  Signage
  • Section 16-19.20  Hours of Operation
  • Section 16-19.21  Injunction.

Article XX - Parking

  • Section 16-20.1  Number of Parking Spaces Required
  • Section 16-20.2  Table of General Parking Requirements
  • Section 16-20.3  Parking Requirements for Central Business and Town Center Districts
  • Section 16-20.4  Flexibility in Administration Required
  • Section 16-20.5  Payment of Fee in Lieu of Providing Required Parking Spaces
  • Section 16-20.6  Parking Space Dimensions.
  • Section 16-20.7  Required Widths of Parking Area Aisles and Driveways
  • Section 16-20.8  General Design Requirements
  • Section 16-20.9  Vehicle Accommodation Area Surfaces
  • Section 16-20.10  Joint Use of Required Parking Spaces
  • Section 16-20.11  Satellite Parking
  • Section 16-20.12  Special Provisions for Lots with Existing Buildings.
  • Section 16-20.13  Loading and Unloading Areas

Article XXI - Commercial Design and Appearance Standards

  • Section 16-21.1  Purpose
  • Section 16-21.2  Applicability.
  • Section 16-21.3  Criteria for Design.
  • Section 16-21.4  Exterior Walls and Facades of Commercial Buildings
  • Section 16-21.5  Roof Lines.
  • Section 16-21.6  Color
  • Section 16-21.7  Topography.
  • Section 16-21.8  Lighting
  • Section 16-21.9  General Landscaping
  • Section 16-21.10  Landscape Buffer
  • Section 16-21.11  Sidewalks
  • Section 16-21.12  Utility Lines
  • Section 16-21.13  Parking Areas
  • Section 16-21.14  Mechanical and Utility Areas
  • Section 16-21.15  Trash and Containment Areas
  • Section 16-21.16  Fences and Walls
  • Section 16-21.17  Vacated Buildings
  • Section 16-21.18  Variance from Standards
  • Section 16-21.19  Additional Standards for Large-Scale Retail Buildings
  • Section 16-21.20  Definitions and Explanations of Additional Requirements
  • Section 16-21.21  Display of Newsracks and Publications in Town Center,Central Business and Office Institutional Zoning Districts.

Article XXII - Screening and Trees

  • Section 16-22.1  Board Findings Concerning the Need for Requirements
  • Section 16-22.2  General Screening Standard
  • Section 16-22.3  Compliance With Screening Standard
  • Section 16-22.4  Screening Land Use Classification
  • Section 16-22.5  Table of Screening Requirements
  • Section 16-22.6  Descriptions of Screens
  • Section 16-22.7  Width of Landscaping Screen
  • Section 16-22.8  Town Center and Central Business District Requirements
  • Section 16-22.9  Flexibility in Administration Required
  • Section 16-22.10  Combination Uses
  • Section 16-22.11  Maintenance of Screening and Landscaping Plantings
  • Section 16-22.12  Silvicultural Standards
  • Section 16-22.13  Board Findings and Declaration of Policy on Shade Trees.
  • Section 16-22.14  Required Trees Along Dedicated Streets
  • Section 16-22.15  Retention and Protection of Large Trees
  • Section 16-22.16  Tree Credits
  • Section 16-22.17  Protection of Existing Vegetation
  • Section 16-22.18  Tree Topping
  • Section 16-22.19  Shade Trees in Parking Areas
  • Section 16-22.20  Mulching and Maintenance on Commercial Property

Article XXIII - Amendments

  • Section 16-23.1  Board Findings Concerning Need for Requirements
  • Section 16-23.2  Initiation of Amendments
  • Section 16-23.3  Planning Board Consideration of Proposed Amendments
  • Section 16-23.4  Hearing Required; Notice
  • Section 16-23.5  Board Action on Amendments
  • Section 16-23.6  Ultimate Issue Before Board on Amendments
  • Section 16-23.7  Protests to Zoning District Changes.

Land Use Ordinance Appendices

Appendix A - Information Required With Applications

  • Section A-1  In General
  • Section A-2  Written Application
  • Section A-3  Development Site Plans.
  • Section A-4  Graphic Materials Required for Plans
  • Section A-5  Existing Natural, Man-Made and Legal Features
  • Section A-6  Proposed Changes in Existing Features or New Features
  • Section A-7  Documents and Written Information in Addition to Plans
  • Section A-8  Number of Copies of Plans and Documents

Appendix B - Set Backs And Building Height Diagrams

Appendix C - Specifications For Street Design And Construction

  • Section C-1  Design Speed, Sight Distance, and Centerline Radius
  • Section C-2  Cut and Fill Slopes
  • Section C-3  Sight Distances at Intersections
  • Section C-4  Radius at Street Intersections
  • Section C-5  Clearing and Grubbing.
  • Section C-6  Grading and Compaction
  • Section C-7  Street Base
  • Section C-8  Street Surfaces.
  • Section C-9  Pavement Section Variations.
  • Section C-10  Street Cross Sections
  • Section C-11  Curb and Gutter
  • Section C-12   Sidewalks With Curb and Gutter
  • Section C-13  Wheel Chair Ramps
  • Section C-14  Storm Water Runoff Control
  • Section C-15  Sedimentation Control.
  • Section C-16  Specifications on Driveway Entrances
  • Section C  Standard Drawings

Appendix D - Vehicle Accommodation Area Surfaces

  • Section D-1  Paved Surfaces
  • Section D-2  Unpaved Surfaces

Appendix E - Screening And Trees

  • Section E-1  Guide for Protecting Existing Trees.
  • Section E-2  Standards for Street and Parking Lot Trees.
  • Section E-3  Formula for Calculating Shading of Paved Vehicle Accommodation Areas.  
  • Section E-4  Typical Parking Lot Planting Islands.
  • Section E-5  Guide for Planting Trees
  • Section E-6  Typical Opaque Screens
  • Section E-7  Typical Semi-Opaque Screens
  • Section E-8  Typical Broken Screens.
  • Section E-9  Guide for Planting Shrubs
  • Section E-10  Lists of Recommended Trees and Shrubs
  • Section E-11  Small Trees for Partial Screening
  • Section E-12  Large Trees for Evergreen Screening
  • Section E-13  Large Trees for Shading
  • Section E-15  Large Shrubs for Evergreen Screening
  • Section E-16  Assorted Shrubs for Broken Screens 

Appendix F - Commercial Design Examples

Appendix G - Real Estate and Restaurant Signage

  • Section G-1  Real Estate Signs
  • Section G-2  Restaurant Information/Message Board Signs

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