Land Use Code

Print
Press Enter to show all options, press Tab go to next option

Article 1 - General Provisions 1-1

Section 16-1.1   Short Title  1-1

Section 16-1.2   Authority  1-1

Section 16-1.3   Jurisdiction.  1-1

Section 16-1.4   Effective Date  1-1

Section 16-1.5   Relationship to Existing Land Use Code  ............................................................. 1-1

Section 16-1.6   Relationship to Land Use Plan  1-1

Section 16-1.7   No Use of Land or Buildings. Except in Conformity With Chapter

                             Provisions ..................................................................................... 1-1

Section 16-1.8    Boundary Line Adjustments ..............................................................................1-1

Section 16-1.9   Fees ...................................................................................................................1-2

Article 2 - Basic Definitions and Interpretations. 2-1

Section 16-2.1  Word Interpretation  2-1

Section 16-2.2  General Definitions  2-1

Section 16-2.3  Adult Establishments  2-21

Section 16-2.4  Flood Plain Definitions...................................................................................... 2-27

Section 16-2.5  Watershed Definitions...................................................................................... 2-34

Article 3 - Administrative Mechanisms. 3-1

Section 16-3.1   Planning Board................................................................................................... 3-1

Section 16-3.2   Board of Adjustment.......................................................................................... 3-3

Section 16-3.3   Land Use Administrator..................................................................................... 3-4

Section 16-3.4   Board of Commissioners.................................................................................... 3-4

Section 16-3.5   Conflicts of Interest............................................................................................ 3-5

 

Article 4 - Permits and Final Plat Approval 4-1

Section 16-4.1   Zoning and Conditional Use Permits ................................................................ 4-1

Section 16-4.2   No Occupancy, Use, or Sale of lots until Requirements are Fulfilled................ 4-1

Section 16-4.3   Who May Submit Applications........................................................................... 4-2

Section 16-4.4   Applications To Be Complete............................................................................. 4-2

Section 16-4.5   Staff Consultation Before Formal Applications.................................................. 4-3

Section 16-4.6   Staff Consultation After Application Submitted................................................ 4-3

Section 16-4.7   Zoning Permits................................................................................................... 4-4

Section 16-4.8   Performance Bond to Ensure Compliance with Zoning Permit......................... 4-4

Section 16-4.9   Conditional Use Permits..................................................................................... 4-4

Section 16-4.10 Board of Commissioners Action on Conditional Use Permits........................... 4-5

Section 16-4.11 Conditions to Approval of The Conditional Use Permit..................................... 4-6

Section 16-4.12 Authorizing Use, Occupancy, or Sale Before Completion of Development

                          Under Conditonal Use Permits............................................................................. 4-6

Section 16-4.13 Completing Developments in Phases................................................................ 4-7

Section 16-4.14 Expiration of Permits......................................................................................... 4-7

Section 16-4.15 Effect of Permit on Successors and Assigns....................................................... 4-8

Section 16-4.16 Notice of Permit to be Recorded....................................................................... 4-8

Section 16-4.17  Amendments to and Modifications of Permits................................................ 4-9

Section 16-4.18  Reconsideration of Board Action...................................................................... 4-9

Section 16-4.19  Applications to be Processed Expeditiously..................................................... 4-9

Section 16-4.20  Maintenance of Common Areas, Improvements, and Facilities.................... 4-10

Section 16-4.21  Major and Minor Subdivisions........................................................................ 4-10

Article 5 - Appeals, Variances, Interpretations. 5-1

Section 16-5.1  Appeals................................................................................................................ 5-1

Section 16-5.2  Variances............................................................................................................. 5-1

Section 16-5.3  Interpretations.................................................................................................... 5-2

Section 16-5.4  Requests to be Heard Expeditiously................................................................... 5-2

Section 16-5.5  Burden of Proof................................................................................................... 5-3

 

Article 6 - Hearing Procedures for Appeals and Applications. 6-1

Section 16-6.1  Application or Appeal Decision..........................................................................6-1

Section 16-6.2  Notice of Hearing................................................................................................ 6-1

Section 16-6.3  Modification of Application at Hearing.............................................................. 6-2

Section 16-6.4  Record................................................................................................................. 6-2

Section 16-6.5  Written Decision................................................................................................. 6-2

Article 7 - Enforcement and Review.. 7-1

Section 16-7.1  Complaints Regarding Violations........................................................................ 7-1

Section 16-7.2  Persons Liable.  7-2

Section 16-7.3  Procedures Upon Discovery of Violations.  7-2

Section 16-7.4  Penalties and Remedies for Violations.  .............................................................. 7-2

Section 16-7.5  Permit Revocation............................................................................................... 7-2

Section 16-7.6  Judicial Review.................................................................................................... 7-2

Section 16-7.7  Schedule of Civil Penalties.................................................................................. 7-3

Article 8 - Nonconforming Situations. 8-1

Section 16-8.1  Continuation of Nonconforming Situations and Completion of Non-

                         Conforming Projects.............................................................................................. 8-1

Section 16-8.2  Nonconforming Lots........................................................................................... 8-1

Section 16-8.3  Extension or Enlargement of Nonconforming Situations................................... 8-2

Section 16-8.4  Repair, Maintenance and Reconstruction.......................................................... 8-4

Section 16-8.5  Change in Use of Property Where Nonconforming Situations Exists................. 8-5

Section 16-8.6  Abandonment and Discontinuance of Nonconforming Situations..................... 8-6

Section 16-8.7  Completion of Nonconforming Projects............................................................. 8-6

Section 16-8.8  Nonconforming Signs.......................................................................................... 8-8

Article 9 - Zoning Districts and Zoning Map. 9-1

Section 16-9.1  Residential Districts Established......................................................................... 9-1

Section 16-9.2  Nonresidential Districts Established................................................................... 9-1

Section 16-9.3  Overlay Districts. 9-2

Section 16-9.4  Official Map......................................................................................................... 9-3

Section 16-9.5 Amendments to Official Zoning Map. ................................................................... 9-2

Article 10 - Permissible Uses. 10-1

Section 16-10.1   Table of Permissible Uses.............................................................................. 10-1

Section 16-10.2   Use of the Designations Z and C in Table of Permissible Uses. 10-1

Section 16-10.3   Board of Adjustment Jurisdiction Over Uses Otherwise Permissible

                               With a Zoning Permit..................................................................................... 10-1

Section 16-10-4   Zoning Administrator Jurisdiction Over Uses Otherwise Permissible

                               With CUP........................................................................................................ 10-1

Section 16-10.5   Permissible Uses and Specific Exclusions.  10-2

Section 16-10.6   Accessory Uses............................................................................................... 10-2

Section 16-10.7   Permissible Uses Not Requiring Permits. ........................................................ 10-3

Section 16-10.8   Change in Use................................................................................................. 10-4

Section 16-10.9   Manufacturing/Processing, Etc. Uses............................................................ 10-4

Section 16-10.10 Combination Uses.......................................................................................... 10-5

Section 16-10.11 More Specific Use Controls............................................................................ 10-6

Table of Permissible Uses. 10-7

 

Article 11 - Supplementary Land Use Regulations. 11-1

Section 16-11.1   Bed and Breakfast.......................................................................................... 11-1

Section 16-11.2   Perimeter Fences and Walls.......................................................................... 11-1

Article 12 - Density and Dimensional Regulations. 12-1

Section 16-12.1   Minimum Lot Size........................................................................................... 12-1

Section 16-12.2   Residential Density. 12-2

Section 16-12.3   Minimum Lot Widths. 12-2

Section 16-12.4   Building Setback Requirments....................................................................... 12-3

Section 16-12.5   Setback Requirements from Historic Trails................................................... 12-6

Section 16-12.6   Central Business and Town Center Districts Setbacks, Building

                               Height, Open Space, and Green Space Requirments..................................... 12-6

Section 16-12.7  Density on Lots Where Portion Dedicated to Town. ...................................12-11

Section 16-12.8  Flexibility in Applying the Standards Contained in this Article.  12-11

 

Article 13 - Open Space. 13-1

Section 16-13.1   Usable Open Space  ......................................................................................... 13-1

Section 16-13.2   Ownership and Maintenance Required Open Space  13-1

Section 16-13.3   Dediation of Open Space  13-2

Section 16-13.4   Homeowners Associations .............................................................................. 13-2

Article 14 - Streets and Sidewalks. 14-1

Section 16-14.1   Street Classification. 14-1

Section 16-14.2   Access to Public Streets in General  ................................................................ 14-2

Section 16-14.3   Access to Arterial Streets. 14-2

Section 16-14.4   Entrances to Streets  14-2

Section 16-14.5   Coordination with Surrounding Streets......................................................... 14-3

Section 16-14.6   Relationship of Streets Topography  14-3

Section 16-14.7   Street Width, Sidewalk, and Drainage in Subdivisions.................................. 14-3

Section 16-14.8   General Layout of Streets.............................................................................. 14-4

Section 16-14.9   Street Intersections ......................................................................................... 14-5

Section 16-14.10 Construction Standards and Requirements................................................... 14-5

Section 16-14.11 Private Roads in Subdivisions and Access to Subdivisions by Private

                            Roads................................................................................................................... 14-5

Section 16-14.12 Road and Sidewalk Requirements in Unsubdivided Developments............... 14-6

Section 16-14.13 Attention to Handicapped in Street and Sidewalk Construction. 14-7

Section 16-14.14 Street Names and House Numbers............................................................... 14-8

Section 16-14.15 Bridges. 14-8

Section 16-14.16 Utilities  14-8

Section 16-14.17 Sidewalk Requirements................................................................................. 14-8

Article 15 - Utilities. 15-1

Section 16-15.1   Utility Ownership and Easement Rights........................................................ 15-1

Section 16-15.2   Lots Served by Public Water or Sewer........................................................... 15-1

Section 16-15.3   Sewage Disposal Facilites Required............................................................... 15-1

Section 16-15.4   Determining Compliance with Section 16-15.3............................................. 15-1

Section 16-15.5   Water Supply System Required..................................................................... 15-2

Section 16-15.6   Determining Compliance with 16-15.5.......................................................... 15-2

Section 16-15.7   Lighting Requirements................................................................................... 15-2

Section 16-15.8   Excessive Illumination  15-2

Section 16-15.9   Electric Power  15-2

Section 16-15.10 Telephone Service  15-2

Section 16-15.11 Underground Utilities  15-2

Section 16-15.12 Utilities To Be Consistent With Internal and External Development. 15-2

Section 16-15.13 As-Built Drawings Required. 15-2

Section 16-15.14 Fire Hydrants.................................................................................................. 15-4

Section 16-15.15 Sites for and Screening Dumpsters................................................................ 15-5

Article 16 - Flood Damage Prevention; Storm Water Mgmt; Watershed Protection. 16-1

Section 16-16.1   Findings of Fact 16-2

Section 16-16.2   Statement of Purpose 16-2

Section 16-16.3   Objectives   16-2

Section 16-16.4   Lands to Which This Ordinance Applies .......................................................... 16-2

Section 16-16.5   Basis for Establishing the Areas of Special Flood Hazard  16-2

Section 16-16.6   Establishment of Floodplain Development Permit ......................................... 16-2

Section 16-16.7   Compliance 16-2

Section 16-16.8   Abrogation and Greater Restrictions  ............................................................. 16-2

Section 16-16.9   Interpretation 16-2

Section 16-16.10 Penalties for Violation................................................................................... 16-3

Section 16-16.11 Designation of Floodplain Administrator...................................................... 16-3

Section 16-16.12 Development Permit and Certification Requirements. 16-3

Section 16-16.13 Elevation Certificates..................................................................................... 16-5

Section 16-16.14 Floodproofing Certificate............................................................................... 16-5

Section 16-16.15 Certificate Exemptions................................................................................... 16-5

Section 16-16.16 Duties and Responsibilities of Local Administrator....................................... 16-5

section 16-16.17 Corrective Procedures .................................................................................... 16-7

section 16-16.18 Variance Procedures. 16-8

Section 16-16.19 General Standards for Flood Hazard Reduction. ........................................16-10

Section 16-16.20 Specific Standards for Flood Hazard Reduction  ........................................... 16-12

Section 16-16.21 Additions/Improvements (Pre-Firm Structures) ............................................. 16-13

Section 16-16.22 Additions/Improvements (Post-Firm Structures) 16-14

Section 16-16.23 Recreational Vehicles. 16-14

Section 16-16.24 Temporary Non-Residential Structures. 16-14

Section 16-16.25 Accessory Structures  16-14

Section 16-16.26 Standards for Floodplains Without Established Base Flood Elevation. 16-15

Section 16-16.27 Standards for Riverine Floodplains with Base Flood Elevations but

                              Without Established Floodways or Non-encroachment Areas ........................ 16-16

Section 16-16.28 Floodways and Non-encroachment Areas  16-16

Section 16-16.29 Drainage, Erosion Control, Storm Water Management.................................. 16-17

Section 16-16.30 Development Must Drain Properly  16-17

Section 16-16.31 Storm Water Management 16-17

Section 16-16.32 Sedimentation and Erosion Control 16-19

Section 16-16.33 Purpose of the Watershed Protection Ordinance  ......................................... 16-20

Section 16-16.34 Duties of the Watershed Administrator.   ...................................................... 16-21

Section 16-16.35 Appeal from the Watershed Administrator  ................................................... 16-22

Section 16-16.36 Establishment of Watershed Review Board; Powers and Duties  16-22

Section 16-16.37 Establishment of Watershed Areas. 16-25

Section 16-16.38 Watershed Areas Described. 16-25

Section 16-16.39 Cluster Deve1opment  16-27

Section 16-16.40 Buffer Areas Required. 16-27

Section 16-16.41 Rules Governing the Interpretation of Watershed Area Boundaries   16-27

Section 16-16.42 Existing Development   16-28

Section 16-16.43 Watershed Protection Permit  16-28

Section 16-16.44 Watershed Occupancy Permit  16-29

Section 16-16.45 Public Health, in General.  16-29

Section 16-16.46 Abatement  . 16-29

Section 16-16.47 Watershed Boundary Map.  16-30

Section 16-16.48 Amendments  16-30

Article 17 - Signs. 17-1

Section 16-17.1   Purpose.......................................................................................................... 17-1

Section 16-17.2  Applicability..................................................................................................... 17-1

Section 16-17.3   Restrictions and Prohibitions......................................................................... 17-1

Section 16-17.4   General Sign Regulations............................................................................... 17-3

Section 16-17.5   Signs Excluded from Regulations................................................................... 17-5

Section 16-17.6   Approval Requirements................................................................................. 17-5

Section 16-17.7   Master Sign Plan............................................................................................ 17-6

Section 16-17.8   Signs Permitted in All Zoning Districts........................................................... 17-6

Section 16-17.9   Computation of Sign Area.............................................................................. 17-8

Section 16-17.10 Computation of Height.  17-9

Section 16-17.11 Signs Permitted in Residential Districts......................................................... 17-9

Section 16-17.12 Signs Permitted in Non-Residential Districts............................................... 17-10

Section 16-17.13 Church, School, Hospital, or Public Facility Signs........................................ 17-15

Section 16-17.14 Unlawful Cutting of Trees or Shrubs............................................................ 17-16

Section 16-17.15 Flexibility in Administering the Provisions of This Article............................ 17-16

Section 16-17.16 Nonconforming Signs................................................................................... 17-17

Section 16-17.17 Amortization of Nonconforming Signs........................................................ 17-18

Section 16-17.18 Enforcement and Remedies........................................................................ 17-18

Article 18 - Telecommunication Towers. 18-1

Section 16-18.1   Authority........................................................................................................ 18-1

Section 16-18.2   Purpose.......................................................................................................... 18-1

Section 16-18.3   Goals............................................................................................................... 18-1

Section 16-18.4   Applicability.................................................................................................... 18-1

Section 16-18.5   Permit Required............................................................................................. 18-1

Section 16-18.6   Issuance of Permit/Expiration........................................................................ 18-3

Section 16-18.7   Tower Approval Standards............................................................................. 18-3

Section 16-18.8   Denial of Permit............................................................................................. 18-7

Section 16-18.9   Continued Compliance Required................................................................... 18-7

Section 16-18.10 Removal of Abandoned Towers..................................................................... 18-7

Section 16-18.11 Standards for Commercial Wireless Telecommunications Antennas........... 18-8

 

Article 19 - Adult Business Establishments. 19-1

Section 16-19.1   Purpose.......................................................................................................... 19-1

Section 16-19.2   Findings.......................................................................................................... 19-1

Section 16-19.3   Classification of Adult Business Establishments ............................................. 19-2

Section 16-19.4   Licenses Required  19-2

Section 16-19.5   License Fees and Terms................................................................................. 19-4

Section 16-19.6   Application Procedures for Adult Business Establishment License............... 19-4

Section 16-19.7   Fees. 19-9

Section 16-19.8   License Posting and Display  19-9

Section 16-19.9   Inspection  19-10

Section 16-19.10 License Denial, Suspension, or Revocation; Appeal 19-10

Section 16-19.11 Transfer of License 19-11

Section 16-19.12  Location of Adult Business Establishments 19-11

Section 16-19.13 Additional Regulations for Adult Motels.  ...................................................... 19-12

Section 16-19.14 Additional Regulations Pertaining to Exhibition of Sexually Explicit

                             Films, Videos or Live Entertainment.  19-12

Section 16-19.15 Additional Regulations for Escort Agencies.  .................................................. 19-14

Section 16-19.16 Additional Regulations for Nude Model Studios.  19-14

Section 16-19.17  Prohibited Acts and Conduct.  . 19-14

Section 16-19.18  Exterior Portions of Adult Business Establishments.  19-15

Section 16-19.19  Signage.  19-16

Section 16-19.20  Hours of Operation.  19-16

Section 16-19.21  Injunction.  19-16

Article 20 - Parking. 20-1

Section 16-20.1   Number of Parking Spaces Required............................................................. 20-1

Section 16-20.2   Table of General Parking Requirements........................................................ 20-2

Section 16-20.3   Parking Requirements for Central Business and Town Center Districts........ 20-5

Section 16-20.4   Flexibility in Administration Required............................................................ 20-8

Section 16-20.5   Payment of Fee in Lieu of Providing Required Parking Spaces. 20-8

Section 16-20.6   Parking Space Dimensions. 20-9

Section 16-20.7   Required Widths of Parking Area Aisles and Driveways................................ 20-9

Section 16-20.8   General Design Requirements....................................................................... 20-9

Section 16-20.9   Vehicle Accomadation Area Surfaces.......................................................... 20-10

Section 16-20.10 Joint Use of Required Parking Spaces.......................................................... 20-11

Section 16-20.11 Satellite Parking........................................................................................... 20-11

Section 16-20.12 Special Provisions for Lots with Existing Buildings...................................... 20-11

Section 16-20.13 Loading and Unloading Areas. 20-12

Article 21 – Commercial Design and Appearance Standards. 21-1

Section 16-21.1   Purpose. 21-1

Section 16-21.2   Applicability. 21-2

Section 16-21.3   Criteria for Design. 21-2

Section 16-21.4   Exterior Walls and Facades of Commercial Buildings. 21-2

Section 16-21.5   Roof Lines. 21-3

Section 16-21.6   Color. 21-3

Section 16-21.7   Topography. 21-3

Section 16-21.8   Lighting. 21-4

Section 16-21.9   General Landscaping. 21-2

Section 16-21.10 Landscape Buffer. 21-5

Section 16-21.11 Sidewalks. 21-7

Section 16-21.12 Utility Lines. 21-7

Section 16-21.13 Parking Areas. 21-7

Section 16-21.14 Mechanical and Utility Areas. 21-7

Section 16-21.15 Trash and Containment Areas. 21-8

Section 16-21.16  Fences and Walls. 21-8

Section 16-21.17 Vacated Buildings. 21-8

Section 16-21.18 Variance from Standards. 21-9

Section 16-21.19 Additional Standards for Large Scale Retail Buildings. 21-9

Section 16-21.20 Definitions and Explanations of Additional Requirements. 21-10

Section 16-21.21 Display of Newsracks and Publications in Town Center, Central

                               Business and Office Institutional Zoning Districts. 21-11

Article 22 - Screening and Trees. 22-1

Section 16-22.1   Board Findings Concerning Need for Requirements. 22-1

Section 16-22.2   General Screening Standard. 22-1

Section 16-22.3   Compliance With Screening Standards. 22-1

Section 16-22.4   Screening Land Use Classification. 22-1

Section 16-22.5   Table of Screening Requirements. 22-2

Section 16-22.6   Description of Screens. 22-3

Section 16-22.7   Width of Landscaping Screen. 22-3

Section 16-22.8   Town Center and Central Business District Requirements. 22-4

Section 16-22.9   Flexibility in Administration Required. 22-4

Section 16-22.10 Combination Uses. 22-5

Section 16-22.11 Maintenance of Screening and Landscape Plantings. 22-5

Section 16-22.12 Silvicultural Standards. 22-5

Section 16-22.13 Board Findings and Declaration of Policy on Shade Trees.............................. 22-2

Section 16-22.14 Required Trees Along Dedicated Streets. 22-6

Section 16-22.15 Retention and Protection of Large Trees. 22-7

Section 16-22.16 Tree Credits. 22-8

Section 16-22.17 Protection of Existing Vegetation 22-9

Section 16-22.18 Tree Topping. 22-9

Section 16-22.19 Shade Trees in Parking Areas. 22-9

Section 16-22.20 Mulching and Maintenance on Commercial Property. 22-10

Article 23 - Amendments. 23-1

Section 16-23.1   Board Findings Concerning Need for Requirements. 23-1

Section 16-23.2   Initiation of Amendments. 23-1

Section 16-23.3   Planning Board Consideration of Proposed Amendments. 23-1

Section 16-23.4   Hearing Required; Notice. 23-2

Section 16-23.5   Board Action on Amendments. 23-3

Section 16-23.6   Ultimate Issue Before Board on Amendments. 23-3

Section 16-23.7   Protests to Zoning District Changes. 23-3

 

Appendices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………A-1


Free viewers are required for some of the attached documents.
They can be downloaded by clicking on the icons below.

Acrobat Reader Flash Player QuickTime Windows Media Player Microsoft Silverlight Word Viewer Excel Viewer PowerPoint Viewer